11. ANXIETY IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOMS AT HANOI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION

Tuesday - 07/01/2020 08:01  53  28

Author: Tran Thi Thanh Xuan

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Abstract: Foreign language anxiety has been recognized as a demotivating factor which diminishes students’ efforts and slows acquisition progress. This study aims at examining sources of anxiety in a foreign language class at Hanoi National University of Education. The results suggest that anxiety exists in foreign language classrooms and students feel most anxious about tests, speaking activities, teachers’ speaking speed and feelings of inferiority to classmates. Implications to reduce foreign language classroom anxiety are drawn from these results. Firstly, concerning testing, teachers should integrate speaking and listening skills into progress and achievement tests; ongoing evaluation should be given by teachers throughout the term. Secondly, teachers should pay close attention to teaching interactional skills, building students’ confidence with both accuracy - and fluency - based tasks in meaningful contexts, using both target language and mother tongue appropriately. Thirdly, it is important that teachers create a low - anxiety classroom environment by encouraging cooperative learning, leaving students with sufficient time to prepare for the activities. Students can sit in circles, work in pairs and groups, and in some activities and games can move round the classroom.
Keywords: Anxiety, foreign language classroom, test, learning environment.
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